Тесты ЕГЭ по английскому языку. № 1-6. Походы в зоопарк.

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания A15-A21, вставив цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.


A visit to the zoo is one of the defining day trips of childhood, but the fascination tends to fade during teenage years. However, the 'Keeper for the Day' schemes currently being offered by several British zoos are proving a surprising hit among adolescents.

Peter Maltby, 16, has travelled from his home to be a keeper for the day at Colchester Zoo. The trip is a present from his parents, who are accompanying him. 'We used to take Peter and his sister to the zoo as children and it gave them both a love of wildlife,' says his mother. Peter heard about the scheme from a school friend. 'He raved about how good it was,' he says. The zoo offers two options, and while his school friend chose the carnivores (white tiger, snow leopard and lions), fed red pandas, penguins and seals, and visited the iguana incubation room, Peter chose the 'primates, birds of prey, small mammals and elephants' option. His first session involves feeding lemurs and rare gelada baboons and, as he dispenses bananas some sit on his head. Then it is on to the Falconry Centre, where, gingerly at first but with growing confidence, he handles several fearsome-looking birds of prey, including hawks, falcons and vultures.

Colchester Zoo's business manager, Alex Burr, says the scheme has become extremely popular. Elsewhere, it is a similar story. Geoff Worden of Blackpool Zoo says their scheme has really taken off. The days do not come cheap, but they do provide essential funds for conservation and endangered species programmes for the zoos. 'They also offer a unique opportunity for participants to learn a lot about how a zoo works and to spend time with everything from birds, reptiles and sea lions to gibbons, tigers and zebras,` says Worden. 'Naturally, we get youngsters who are thinking of a career with animals or in a zoo, but its appeal is broader than that. Afterwards, everyone realises just what hard work it is looking after animals. They lose any idea that it's a cushy job and come away impressed with the care and dedication of zookeepers who might spend a full night with a sick animal - and realize that there are some things that are not about money, which can be very refreshing.'

At Paignton Zoo, keepers for the day are also expected to 'muck in' and 'muck out'. 'This is not just a chance to meet some of the animals close up, this is real work,' says the Zoo`s Phil Knowling. 'We get our share of youngsters on the scheme, some budding vets included, and everyone gets something different out of it. Not surprisingly, some are a bit wary of the reptiles and it can be unnerving to go into an enclosure full of hanging, twittering bats, but they gain a lot from their day.'

Some lucky participants in these schemes experience the drama of an animal birth, or are present at the introduction of a new species to the zoo, but although the reality is likely to be less dramatic, most seem entranced by the experience. 'From feeding giant tortoises, stroking the belly of a pregnant tapir, to holding out live locusts for the excitable lemurs, I had a fantastic day,' one participant wrote to Bristol Zoo. 'I can't actually remember the last time I was in such a rush to get up in the morning. It was a great day. I left full of information and experience that I would never normally have come across,' another reported back.

A15 The writer says in the first paragraph that many young people
l) are unaware of the 'Keeper for the Day' schemes.
2) don't like being taken to zoos when they are very young.
3) tend to lose interest in zoos as they get older.
4) only become interested in zoos when they are teenagers.

A16 We are told that when Peter Maltby took part in the scheme,
l) his parents went with him because he was nervous.
2) his school friend's advice was of little help to him.
3) he chose the option he thought would be the easiest.
4) he began to feel better as one of the sessions went on.

A17 What does Geoff Worden say about the scheme at his zoo?
1) It is not exactly the same as schemes at other zoos.
2) All kinds of young people take part in it.
3) It is particularly useful for people considering a career with animals.
4) His zoo has to charge more for it than other zoos charge.

A18 What is meant by 'cushy' in the third paragraph?
1) easy
2) boring
3) dangerous
4) glamorous

A19 What does Phil Knowling say about the scheme at his zoo?
1) A few people regret taking part in it.
2) He has made changes to it since it started.
3) It involves more contact with animals than some other schemes.
4) Not all the people who take part in it are young.

A20 In the final paragraph, the writer says that taking part in one of the schemes
I) often includes experiencing dramatic events
2) can be a more exciting experience at some zoos than at others.
3) may change people's views of what happens in zoos.
4) is usually a very enjoyable experience.

A21 One of the participants who wrote after taking part in a scheme mentioned
l) a feeling of great excitement before the event.
2) a feeling of surprise at the variety of activities involved.
3) overcoming their fear when dealing with creatures.
4) learning about creatures they had not previously heard of

А15 3 Автор утверждает, что походы в зоопарк - один из самых запоминающихся эпизодов детства, но когда дети становятся подростками, "восторг ослабевает" ('the fascination tends to fade').
A16 4 Автор рассказывает, что во второй раз, в "Соколином центре", Питер поначалу ухаживает за птицами "с опаской" ('gingerly') (очень осторожно из-за страха перед ними), а затем - с растущей уверенностью ('growing confidence') (он становится более уверенным в себе и уже не так боится).
A17 2 Он говорит, что к ним приезжают молодые люди, которые "планируют посвятить себя работе с животными ('thinking of а career with animals'), но программа оказалась привлекательной для более широкого круга людей ('appeal ... seems broader than that'). То есть программа привлекает не только тех, кто планирует в дальнейшем работать с животными, но самых разных молодых людей.
A18 1 Он говорит, что молодые участники программы осознают, "какой тяжелый труд" ('just what hard work') - ухаживать за животными, и "уже не считают это "тепленьким местечком" ('lose any idea that it's a cushy job'). Это значит, что если раньше они считали работу в зоопарке легкой, они меняют свою точку зрения и понимают, что на самом деле это очень тяжелый труд. Он говорит, что после участия в программе люди находятся под впечатлением "заботы и преданности смотрителей зоопарка" ('the care and dedication of the zookeepers').
A19 4 Он говорит, что по этой программе они "принимают много молодежи" ('get our share of youngsters on the scheme'), то есть некоторые из участников программы, но не все, - молодые люди.
А20 4 Автор говорит, что люди, принимая участие в программе, переживают драматические моменты, но для остальных "повседневная реальность будет, скорее всего, менее драматичной" ('the reality is likely to be less dramatic'). Так или иначе, кажется, что большинство участников "в восторге от полученного опыта" ('most seem entranced by the experience').
A21 1 Один из участников говорит, что не может вспомнить "когда в последний раз он так спешил вставать по утрам" ('remember the last time I was in such a rush to get up in the morning'). Он имеет в виду, что ему так хотелось принять участие в программе, что он не мог дождаться начала и вставал в большой спешке.